How to Store Wine

Wine expert Rebecca Chapa explains how screw tops affect preservation, when to refrigerate, and how various stoppers can help.

Released on 11/11/2008

Credits

Starring: Rebecca Chapa

Transcript

00:06
(jazz music)
00:17
Most people don't need to have a wonderful,
00:18
beautiful cellar such as the one behind me.
00:21
You can store wine in your own home.
00:22
But there's a few things that you should think about.
00:25
One, is you want to make sure that there's no light.
00:27
Light can damage a wine.
00:29
That's why most wine glass is actually colored.
00:32
You also want someplace that doesn't have
00:33
a lot of vibration.
00:34
And in addition, you'd like a place
00:36
that doesn't have any temperature fluctuations.
00:38
Major fluctuations in temperature
00:40
can expand and contract the cork in a bottle of wine,
00:43
and can compromise the seal and allow oxygen into the wine.
00:46
Which will age the wine a little bit too quickly.
00:49
One great thing about some wines now
00:51
is that they're actually sealed with a screw cap,
00:54
rather than a cork.
00:55
This is a way to prevent spoilage,
00:56
but also allows you to age these upright.
00:59
You can actually refrigerate red wines and white wines,
01:02
because most chemical reactions go slower
01:04
when you refrigerate a wine.
01:06
The wine will turn bad much more slowly.
01:08
A lot of people ask me what to do
01:11
when you have just a little bit of wine left,
01:13
if you haven't finished the bottle.
01:15
So what I try to do is find a few small bottles,
01:18
save them, and decant the wine into those small bottles.
01:22
It prevents an oxygen space in the top of the wine,
01:25
and then you can actually just put a cork in the top.
01:28
One reason you do this
01:29
is because oxygen is the enemy of wine.
01:31
If you allow the wine to sit on your counter,
01:33
it would turn brown and murky, like this wine.
01:35
And eventually it would turn into vinegar,
01:37
which is not very tasty.
01:39
Some other things you can do is put a vacuum stopper in it.
01:42
This vacuum pump will actually remove the air from the wine,
01:45
and prevent oxidation.
01:47
Another option is to use a sparging system, such as a gas.
01:51
This is argon and nitrogen,
01:53
actually could be sprayed in the top of the bottle.
01:56
You're able to then put a cork in it,
01:57
and there's no oxygen in the wine anymore.
02:00
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